Beyond Memorization: Leading with the “Why” to Improve Clinical Reasoning

Explore how focusing on the “why” behind clinical conditions links basic science and clinical knowledge for more efficient learning. Hear how Case Western uses Integrated Illness Scripts throughout their didactic curriculum to go beyond memorization to deeper conceptual understanding. Find out how Aquifer’s Integrated Illness Scripts foster clinical reasoning skills.


  • Jensen Lewis, MSPAS-PAC; Case Western Reserve University
  • Leah Sheridan, PhD, Ohio University Heritage School of Osteopathic Medicine

Using Aquifer Cases to Meet ARC-PA Accreditation Standards

Aquifer’s virtual patient cases are helping faculty meet ARC-PA standards in a variety of ways. Hear how Aquifer cases were used in building a hybrid rotation at DeSales University and integrated across the curriculum to cover a range of requirements at Touro University California.


  • Darcie Larimore-Arenas, MSPAS, MPH, PA-C; Touro University, California
  • Kathleen Ehrhardt, MMS, PA-C; DeSales University